Speech language therapy is the evaluation assessment of and treatment for a child with speech and/or language needs. A Speech Language Pathologist (SLP), or speech therapist, is a professional educated in the study of communication, it's development and disorders. Therapy is provided on a one-to-one basis with individualized goals to meet each child's needs.
Speech therapy works with communication and oral motor skills to improve deficits in:
Expressive Language Skills - The ability to form meaningful messages at any age appropriate level. This can include vocabulary use, utterance length, grammar, word finding, etc..
Receptive Language Skills - The ability to understand what is being said and ablility to act on it. This can include understanding vocabulary, specific concepts, following directions, etc..
Articulation/Speech Skills - The ability to produce age appropriate speech sounds to speak clearly and intelligibly. This includes sound placement and production, adequate breathe support, and coordination of oral motor skills.
Phonological Skills - The ability to produce clear words with all sound productions. This includes the unspoken rules to speaking and speech sound production.
Social Language Skills -The ability to interact with others as expected for the child's age. This includes turn taking, conversational skills, use of eye contact and gestures, understanding facial expressions, perspective taking, etc..
Voice Skills - The ability to use appropriate pitch, loudness, and quality of voice in relation to the individual's age, gender and culture.
Auditory Processing Skills - The ability to perceive auditory information. This includes the ability to attend and retain auditory information, poor listening skills, difficulty filtering out background noise, difficulty discriminating speech sounds, etc..
Stuttering/Fluency Skills - The ability to produce fluid speech without repetition, prolongation, or blocking of sounds.